§§ 301-322 of the
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1990,
Pub. L. No. 101-649, __ Stat. ___, 8 U.S.C. § 1412-1433.
8 C.F.R. §§ 301.1, 306.2, 322.2 (1998).
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The concept of dual nationality means that a person is a citizen of two countries at the same time. Each country has its own citizenship laws based on its own policy.Persons may have dual nationality by automatic operation of different laws rather than by choice. For example, a child born in a foreign country to U.S. citizen parents may be both a U.S. citizen and a citizen of the country of birth.
Generally, the U.S. government has looked with disfavor on all United States citizens who maintaing a dual nationality. In this regard, Congress has an appropriate concern with problems attendant to dual nationality such as allegiance, and war-time support. One who has a dual nationality will be subject claims from both nations, claims which at times may be competing and/or conflicting. However, dual nationals owe allegiance to both the United States and the foreign country. They are required to obey the laws of both countries. Either country has the right to enforce its laws, particularly if the person later travels there.Most U.S. citizens, including dual nationals, must use a U.S. passport to enter and leave the United States. Dual nationals may also be required by the foreign country to use its passport to enter and leave that country. Use of the foreign passport does not endanger U.S. citizenship.Most countries permit a person to renounce or otherwise lose citizenship. However, Courts in the United States have also regonized that dual nationality is a status recognized in the law and the mere fact that an individual asserts the rights of one citizenship does not without more signify that the renounces the other.
Application of Law
A U.S. citizen may acquire foreign citizenship by marriage, or a person naturalized as a U.S. citizen may not lose the citizenship of the country of birth.U.S. law does not mention dual nationality or require a person to choose one citizenship or another. Also, a person who is automatically granted another citizenship does not risk losing U.S. citizenship. However, a person who acquires a foreign citizenship by applying for it may lose U.S. citizenship. In order to lose U.S. citizenship, the law requires that the person must apply for the foreign citizenship voluntarily, by free choice, and with the intention to give up U.S. citizenship.
Intent can be shown by the person's statements or conduct.The U.S. Government recognizes that dual nationality exists but does not encourage it as a matter of policy because of the problems it may cause. Claims of other countries on dual national U.S. citizens may conflict with U.S. law, and dual nationality may limit U.S. Government efforts to assist citizens abroad. The country where a dual national is located generally has a stronger claim to that person's allegiance.
Thus, a United States citizen is not precluded from dual nationality when he obtained that dual nationality:
In addition, there is currently no requirement that the dual national choose one nationality or the other when he becomes an adult. A dual national should, however, use his U.S. passport ot enter and leave the United States. See § 215(b) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. § 1185(b).
Information on losing foreign citizenship can be obtained from the foreign country's embassy and consulates in the United States. Americans can renounce U.S. citizenship in the proper form at U.S. embassies and consulates abroad.
For information and advice about the Possible Loss of U.S. Citizenship, click here.
For a partial listing of countries that support or reject dual nationality, see 73 Interpreter Releases 545-47 (Apr. 22, 1996).
For more information about Dual Citizenship, please contact us by email, telephone, or fax or schedule an appointment to have your individual case discussed and analyzed an attorney.