TITLE I--IMPROVEMENTS TO BORDER CONTROL, FACILITATION OF LEGAL
ENTRY, AND INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT 

Subtitle B--Facilitation of Legal Entry

SEC. 121. LAND BORDER INSPECTORS.

In order to eliminate undue delay in the thorough
inspection of persons and vehicles lawfully attempting to
enter the United States, the Attorney General and the
Secretary of the Treasury each shall increase, by
approximately equal numbers in each of fiscal years 1997 and
1998, the number of full-time land border inspectors assigned
to active duty by the Immigration and Naturalization Service
and the United States Customs Service to a level adequate to
assure full staffing during peak crossing hours of all border
crossing lanes currently in use, under construction, or whose
construction has been authorized by the Congress, except such
low-use lanes as the Attorney General may designate.

SEC. 122. LAND BORDER INSPECTION AND AUTOMATED PERMIT PILOT
PROJECTS.

(a) Extension of Land Border Inspection Project Authority;
Establishment of Automated Permit Pilot Projects.--Section
286(q) is amended--
(1) by striking the matter preceding paragraph (2) and
inserting the following:
``(q) Land Border Inspection Fee Account.--(1)(A)(i)
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney
General is authorized to establish, by regulation, not more
than 6 projects under which a fee may be charged and
collected for inspection services provided at one or more
land border points of entry. Such projects may include the
establishment of commuter lanes to be made available to
qualified United States citizens and aliens, as determined by
the Attorney General.
``(ii) The program authorized in this subparagraph shall
terminate on September 30, 2000, unless further authorized by
an Act of Congress.
``(iii) This subparagraph shall take effect, with respect
to any project described in clause (1) that was not
authorized to be commenced before the date of the enactment
of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant
Responsibility Act of 1996, 30 days after submission of a
written plan by the Attorney General detailing the proposed
implementation of such project.
``(iv) The Attorney General shall prepare and submit on a
quarterly basis, until September 30, 2000, a status report on
each land border inspection project implemented under this
subparagraph.
``(B) The Attorney General, in consultation with the
Secretary of the Treasury, may conduct pilot projects to
demonstrate the use of designated ports of entry after
working hours through the use of card reading machines or
other appropriate technology.''; and
(2) by striking paragraph (5).
(b) Conforming amendment.--The Departments of Commerce,
Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies
Appropriation Act, 1994 (Public Law 103-121, 107 Stat. 1161)
is amended by striking the fourth proviso under the heading
``Immigration and Naturalization Service, Salaries and
Expenses''.

SEC. 123. PREINSPECTION AT FOREIGN AIRPORTS.

(a) In General.--The Immigration and Nationality Act is
amended by inserting after section 235 the following:


``preinspection at foreign airports

``Sec. 235A. (a) Establishment of Preinspection Stations.--
``(1) New stations.--Subject to paragraph (5), not later
than October 31, 1998, the Attorney General, in consultation
with the Secretary of State, shall establish and maintain
preinspection stations in at least 5 of the foreign airports
that are among the 10 foreign airports which the Attorney
General identifies as serving as last points of departure for
the greatest numbers of inadmissible alien passengers who
arrive from abroad by air at ports of entry within the United
States. Such preinspection stations shall be in addition to
any preinspection stations established prior to the date of
the enactment of such Act.
``(2) Report.--Not later than October 31, 1998, the
Attorney General shall report to the Committees on the
Judiciary of the House of Representatives and of the Senate
on the implementation of paragraph (1).
``(3) Data collection.--Not later than November 1, 1997,
and each subsequent November 1, the Attorney General shall
compile data identifying--
``(A) the foreign airports which served as last points of
departure for aliens who arrived by air at United States
ports of entry without valid documentation during the
preceding fiscal years;
``(B) the number and nationality of such aliens arriving
from each such foreign airport; and
``(C) the primary routes such aliens followed from their
country of origin to the United States.
``(4) Additional stations.--Subject to paragraph (5), not
later than October 31, 2000, the Attorney General, in
consultation with the Secretary of State, shall establish
preinspection stations in at least 5 additional foreign
airports which the Attorney General, in consultation with the
Secretary of State, determines, based on the data compiled
under paragraph (3) and such other information as may be
available, would most effectively reduce the number of aliens
who arrive from abroad by air at points of entry within the
United States who are inadmissible to the United States. Such
preinspection stations shall be in addition to those
established prior to the date of the enactment of such Act or
pursuant to paragraph (1).
``(5) Conditions.--Prior to the establishment of a
preinspection station, the Attorney General, in consultation
with the Secretary of State, shall ensure that--
``(A) employees of the United States stationed at the
preinspection station and their accompanying family members
will receive appropriate protection;
``(B) such employees and their families will not be subject
to unreasonable risks to their welfare and safety; and
``(C) the country in which the preinspection station is to
be established maintains practices and procedures with
respect to asylum seekers and refugees in accordance with the
Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (done at
Geneva, July 28, 1951), or the Protocol Relating to the
Status of Refugees (done at New York, January 31, 1967), or
that an alien in the country otherwise has recourse to
avenues of protection from return to persecution.
``(b) Establishment of Carrier Consultant Program.--The
Attorney General shall assign additional immigration officers
to assist air carriers in the detection of fraudulent
documents at foreign airports which, based on the records
maintained pursuant to subsection (a)(3), served as a point
of departure for a significant number of arrivals at United
States ports of entry without valid documentation, but where
no preinspection station exists.''.
(b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents is amended
by inserting after the item relating to section 235 the
following:

``Sec. 235A. Preinspection at foreign airports.''.

SEC. 124. TRAINING OF AIRLINE PERSONNEL IN DETECTION OF
FRAUDULENT DOCUMENTS.

(a) Use of Funds.--
(1) In general.--Section 286(h)(2)(A) (8 U.S.C.
1356(h)(2)(A)) is amended--
(A) in clause (iv), by inserting ``, including training of,
and technical assistance to, commercial airline personnel
regarding such detection'' after ``United States''; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:

``The Attorney General shall provide for expenditures for
training and assistance described in clause (iv) in an
amount, for any fiscal year, not less than 5 percent of the
total of the expenses incurred that are described in the
previous sentence.''.
(2) Applicability.--The amendments made by paragraph (1)
shall apply to expenses incurred during or after fiscal year
1997.
(b) Compliance With Detection Regulations.--
(1) In general.--Section 212(f) (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)) is
amended by adding at the end the following: ``Whenever the
Attorney General finds that a commercial airline has failed
to comply with regulations of the Attorney General relating
to requirements of airlines for the detection of fraudulent
documents used by passengers traveling to the United States
(including the training of personnel in such detection), the
Attorney General may suspend the entry of some or all aliens
transported to the United States by such airline.''.
(2) Deadline.--The Attorney General shall first issue, in
proposed form, regulations referred to in the second sentence
of section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as
added by the amendment made by paragraph (1), not later than
90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 125. PRECLEARANCE AUTHORITY.

Section 103(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8
U.S.C. 1103(a)) is amended by adding at the end the
following:

``After consultation with the Secretary of State, the
Attorney General may authorize officers of a foreign country
to be stationed at preclearance facilities in the United
States for the purpose of ensuring that persons traveling
from or through the United States to that foreign country
comply with that country's immigration and related laws.
Those officers may exercise such authority and perform such
duties as United States immigration officers are authorized
to exercise and perform in that foreign country under
reciprocal agreement, and they shall enjoy such reasonable
privileges and immunities necessary for the performance of
their duties as the government of their country extends to
United States immigration officers.''.