TITLE V--RESTRICTIONS ON BENEFITS FOR ALIENS

Subtitle A--Eligibility of Aliens for Public Assistance and Benefits

SEC. 501. EXCEPTION TO INELIGIBILITY FOR PUBLIC BENEFITS FOR
CERTAIN BATTERED ALIENS.

Section 431 of the Personal Responsibility and Work
Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641) is
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(c) Treatment of Certain Battered Aliens as Qualified
Aliens.--For purposes of this title, the term `qualified
alien' includes--
``(1) an alien who--
``(A) has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in
the United States by a spouse or a parent, or by a member of
the spouse or parent's family residing in the same household
as the alien and the spouse or parent consented to, or
acquiesced in, such battery or cruelty, but only if (in the
opinion of the Attorney General, which opinion is not subject
to review by any court) there is a substantial connection
between such battery or cruelty and the need for the benefits
to be provided; and
``(B) has been approved or has a petition pending which
sets forth a prima facie case for--
``(i) status as a spouse or a child of a United States
citizen pursuant to clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section
204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act,
``(ii) classification pursuant to clause (ii) or (iii) of
section 204(a)(1)(B) of the Act,
``(iii) suspension of deportation and adjustment of status
pursuant to section 244(a)(3) of such Act, or
``(iv) status as a spouse or child of a United States
citizen pursuant to clause (i) of section 204(a)(1)(A) of
such Act, or classification pursuant to clause (i) of section
204(a)(1)(B) of such Act; or
``(2) an alien--
``(A) whose child has been battered or subjected to extreme
cruelty in the United States by

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a spouse or a parent of the alien (without the active
participation of the alien in the battery or cruelty), or by
a member of the spouse or parent's family residing in the
same household as the alien and the spouse or parent
consented or acquiesced to such battery or cruelty, and the
alien did not actively participate in such battery or
cruelty, but only if (in the opinion of the Attorney General,
which opinion is not subject to review by any court) there is
a substantial connection between such battery or cruelty and
the need for the benefits to be provided; and
``(B) who meets the requirement of clause (ii) of
subparagraph (A).
This subsection shall not apply to an alien during any period
in which the individual responsible for such battery or
cruelty resides in the same household or family eligibility
unit as the individual subjected to such battery or
cruelty.''.

SEC. 502. PILOT PROGRAMS ON LIMITING ISSUANCE OF DRIVER'S
LICENSES TO ILLEGAL ALIENS.

(a) In General.--Pursuant to guidelines prescribed by the
Attorney General not later than 6 months after the date of
the enactment of this Act, all States may conduct pilot
programs within their State to determine the viability,
advisability, and cost-effectiveness of the State's denying
driver's licenses to aliens who are not lawfully present in
the United States. Under a pilot program a State may deny a
driver's license to aliens who are not lawfully present in
the United States. Such program shall be conducted in
cooperation with relevant State and local authorities.
(b) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit a
report to the Judiciary Committees of the House of
Representatives and of the Senate on the results of the pilot
programs conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 503. INELIGIBILITY OF ALIENS NOT LAWFULLY PRESENT FOR
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS.

(a) In General.--Section 202 of the Social Security Act (42
U.S.C. 402) is amended by adding at the end the following new
subsection:

``Limitation on Payments to Aliens

``(y) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no
monthly benefit under this title shall be payable to any
alien in the United States for any month during which such
alien is not lawfully present in the United States as
determined by the Attorney General.''.
(b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a)
shall apply with respect to benefits for which applications
are filed on or after the first day of the first month that
begins at least 60 days after the date of the enactment of
this Act.

SEC. 504. PROCEDURES FOR REQUIRING PROOF OF CITIZENSHIP FOR
FEDERAL PUBLIC BENEFITS.

Section 432(a) of the Personal Responsibility and Work
Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1642) is
amended--
(1) by inserting ``(1)'' after the dash, and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
``(2) Not later than 18 months after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, in consultation
with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall also
establish procedures for a person applying for a Federal
public benefit (as defined in section 401(c)) to provide
proof of citizenship in a fair and nondiscriminatory
manner.''.

SEC. 505. LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY FOR PREFERENTIAL
TREATMENT OF ALIENS NOT LAWFULLY PRESENT ON
BASIS OF RESIDENCE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
BENEFITS.

(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of
law, an alien who is not lawfully present in the United
States shall not be eligible on the basis of residence within
a State (or a political subdivision) for any postsecondary
education benefit unless a citizen or national of the United
States is eligible for such a benefit (in no less an amount,
duration, and scope) without regard to whether the citizen or
national is such a resident.
(b) Effective Date.--This section shall apply to benefits
provided on or after July 1, 1998.

SEC. 506. STUDY AND REPORT ON ALIEN STUDENT ELIGIBILITY FOR
POSTSECONDARY FEDERAL STUDENT FINANCIAL
ASSISTANCE.

(a) GAO Study and Report.--
(1) Study.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study
to determine the extent to which aliens who are not lawfully
admitted for permanent residence are receiving postsecondary
Federal student financial assistance.
(2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit a
report to the appropriate committees of the Congress on the
study conducted under paragraph (1).
(b) Report on Computer Matching Program.--
(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education and the
Commissioner of Social Security shall jointly submit to the
appropriate committees of the Congress a report on the
computer matching program of the Department of Education
under section 484(p) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
(2) Report elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall
include the following:
(A) An assessment by the Secretary and the Commissioner of
the effectiveness of the computer matching program, and a
justification for such assessment.
(B) The ratio of successful matches under the program to
inaccurate matches.
(C) Such other information as the Secretary and the
Commissioner jointly consider appropriate.
(c) Appropriate Committees of the Congress.--For purposes
of this section the term ``appropriate committees of the
Congress'' means the Committee on Economic and Educational
Opportunities and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House
of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human
Resources and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

SEC. 507. VERIFICATION OF IMMIGRATION STATUS FOR PURPOSES OF
SOCIAL SECURITY AND HIGHER EDUCATIONAL
ASSISTANCE.

(a) Social Security Act State Income and Eligibility
Verification Systems.--Section 1137(d)(4)(B)(i)) of the
Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b-7(d)(4)(B)(i)) is
amended to read as follows:
``(i) the State shall transmit to the Immigration and
Naturalization Service either photostatic or other similar
copies of such documents, or information from such documents,
as specified by the Immigration and Naturalization Service,
for official verification,''.
(b) Eligibility for Assistance Under Higher Education Act
of 1965.--Section 484(g)(4)(B)(i) of the Higher Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1091(g)(4)(B)(i)) is amended to read as
follows:
``(i) the institution shall transmit to the Immigration and
Naturalization Service either photostatic or other similar
copies of such documents, or information from such documents,
as specified by the Immigration and Naturalization Service,
for official verification,''.

SEC. 508. NO VERIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR NONPROFIT
CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS.

Section 432 of the Personal Responsibility and Work
Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1642) is
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(d) No Verification Requirement for Nonprofit Charitable
Organizations.--Subject to subsection (a), a nonprofit
charitable organization, in providing any Federal public
benefit (as defined in section 401(c)) or any State or local
public benefit (as defined in section 411(c)), is not
required under this title to determine, verify, or otherwise
require proof of eligibility of any applicant for such
benefits.''.

SEC. 509. GAO STUDY OF PROVISION OF MEANS-TESTED PUBLIC
BENEFITS TO ALIENS WHO ARE NOT QUALIFIED ALIENS
ON BEHALF OF ELIGIBLE INDIVIDUALS.

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the
Committees on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives
and of the Senate and to the Inspector General of the
Department of Justice a report on the extent to which means-
tested public benefits are being paid or provided to aliens
who are not qualified aliens (as defined in section 431(b) of
the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity
Reconciliation Act of 1996) in order to provide such benefits
to individuals who are United States citizens or qualified
aliens (as so defined). Such report shall address the
locations in which such benefits are provided and the
incidence of fraud or misrepresentation in connection with
the provision of such benefits.

SEC. 510. TRANSITION FOR ALIENS CURRENTLY RECEIVING BENEFITS
UNDER THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM.

Effective as if included in the enactment of the Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of
1996, subclause (I) of section 402(a)(2)(D)(ii) (8 U.S.C.
1612(a)(2)(D)(ii)) is amended to read as follows:

``(I) In general.--With respect to the specified Federal
program described in paragraph (3)(B), ineligibility under
paragraph (1) shall not apply until April 1, 1997, to an
alien who received benefits under such program on the date of
enactment of this Act, unless such alien is determined to be
ineligible to receive such benefits under the Food Stamp Act
of 1977. The State agency shall recertify the eligibility of
all such aliens during the period beginning April 1, 1997,
and ending August 22, 1997.''.